Migration is the movement of a person or group of people across an international border or within a state for the purpose of work and better living (IOM, 2018). Migrants often travel long distance in search of a country or state to settle for various reasons: economic, social or political. People migrate to seek employment opportunities, better quality of life, adequate public services and freedoms. They also migrate to flee persecution, wars and natural disasters in their home states.
Migration has continuously been defining issues in this present time. With the increase in number of international migrants around the world reaching 258million in 2017, an increase from 220 million in 2010 and 173 million in 2000 (UNDP, 2018). This significant migration increase poses a great opportunity to the world if safely regulated.
On the other hand, stories of irregular migration of Africans to Europe through deserts and overcrowded boats have received global attention. In 2015, a million people reached Europe via the Mediterranean. Irregular migration refers to the migration of people into a country in ways that violate immigration laws or remaining in a country by people who no longer have the legal right to remain. Irregular migrants are exposed to a variety of problems including lack of access to services, slavery, kidnapping, trafficking, prostitution, exploitation of labour, injury, illness and even death. According to IOM, over 3,000 people lost their lives on the Mediterranean due to irregular migration in 2016.
Although migration is a fundamental human right, it is important to go about it safely and regularly. Ways to migrate regularly can include – education, attendance of conferences, tourism, job opportunities, etc. In order to migrate safely and regularly, the following are required:
- International passport and necessary visa
- Air travel tickets
- Admission documents for education
- Employment documents for job
- Medical documents for medical tourism
Furthermore, it is important to have knowledge of the country of destination, as well as to check the legality of travel documents and genuineness of travel agency, if involved. Visit any of the Migrant Resource Centres in Lagos, Abuja and Edo for further information and migration advice.